Tutorial 7 E - The Non-Inverting Amplifier


Learning Objectives



In this circuit the input voltage is applied to the non-inverting input.



Notice that:

We can therefore write:


Vin = Vout (__Ra___)

              Rf + Ra


Rearranging gives:


Vout =  Rf + Ra

Vin         Ra


The term Vout/Vin is the gain.  The term Rf + Ra can be rewritten Rf + Ra

                                                               Ra                            Ra   Ra




Vout = 1 + Rf

 Vin           Ra


If we look at the input, we see that there is no feedback resistor in the input, therefore we can say that the input resistance is that of the op-amp.  The input resistance is very high indeed, and very little current is taken.


Question 1

Why can we say that the voltage at P is Vin?




The problem with the inverting amplifier used as a voltage follower is that the output is at 180o out of phase with the input.  A voltage follower can be based on the non inverting circuit with 100 % negative feedback to the inverting input, and input resistance is very high indeed.




The voltage gain of the op-amp in this configuration is about 1.  This because of  the feedback factor (the fraction fed back), given the code b (beta, a Greek letter b) is 1.


We can show this by considering the open loop gain A0.  The actual gain A is given by:


A = ___A0___

      1 + bA0


If b is 1, and A0 is very large, we can say that A is approximately 1.


The main use of the voltage follower is as a buffer amplifier, which matches a high input impedance with a low input load.  You would come across such a circuit in the input stage of a digital multimeter, which has a very high input impedance, allowing the voltage read to be the same as the voltage that should be there.



Question 2

What is the gain of a non-inverting amplifier with a feedback resistor of 10000 ohms and Ra value of 100 ohms?





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